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Ultrasonographic evaluation of feto-placental tissues at different intrauterine locations in rabbit.

  • Akkuş, Tuğra1
  • Erdoğan, Güneş2
  • 1 Harran University, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Sanliurfa, Turkey. Electronic address: [email protected] , (Turkey)
  • 2 Aydin Adnan Menderes University, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Aydin, Turkey. , (Turkey)
Published Article
Publication Date
Oct 15, 2019
DOI: 10.1016/j.theriogenology.2019.06.042
PMID: 31280181


The main purpose of examining multiparous species with real-time ultrasonography is to determine the gestational age and make various fetal measurements for early diagnosis of growth anomalies and sibling mismatches. This study investigated changes in fetometric measurements, obstetric Doppler indices and placental image analysis results based on gestational age and fetal location in fetuses located cranially and caudally between 16 and 24 days gestation in 22 healthy pregnant New Zealand rabbits. The first study group consisted of fetuses positioned at the cranial end (n = 22) while the second group consisted of fetuses positioned at the caudal end (n = 22) in each pregnancy. Fetal biparietal head diameter (BPD) and trunk diameter (TD) were measured, and mean grayness values (MGV) were determined from placental image analysis of each fetus. Using Doppler USG, the pulsatile (PI) and resistance (RI) indices of the uterine artery (UtA) and umbilical artery (UmA) were recorded. By the end of the study, BPD and TD values for cranial and caudal fetuses had significantly increased with gestational age (P < 0.001). The MGV values of caudal fetuses were significantly higher (except for the 16th day) (P < 0.05). The UtA PI value of the caudal fetuses was significantly higher (except for the 18th day) (P < 0.01). The UtA RI values of caudal fetuses were significantly higher than cranial ones on the 16 and 24th days (P < 0.05). The PI of the UmA increased until the 20th day before decreasing significantly in both study groups (P < 0.001). The UmA RI value decreased according to the gestational age in both groups (P < 0.001). It was significantly higher in the caudal fetuses on the 20th day (P < 0.05). The somatic rate of all fetuses peaked at the end of the second trimester, although caudal fetuses had higher fetometric values, and this location difference also affected placental echotexture. In both vessels of caudal fetuses, pulsatility and resistance values were higher. The 20th day of pregnancy was a threshold for the Doppler exam results. In conclusion, growth and metabolic status of fetuses located in different uterine locations in healthy pregnant New Zealand rabbits vary. Based on the these growth curves and hemodynamic data, more comprehensive studies of intrauterine life may be possible. Copyright © 2019 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

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