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Ultrasonographic evaluation of changes in the muscle architecture of the gastrocnemius with botulinum toxin treatment for lower extremity spasticity in children with cerebral palsy.

Authors
  • Kawano, Akihiro1
  • Yanagizono, Taiichiro2
  • Kadouchi, Ichiro2
  • Umezaki, Tetsuya2
  • Chosa, Etsuo3
  • 1 Division of Orthopedic Surgery, Miyazaki Prefecture Center for Disabled Children, Miyazaki 889-1601, Japan. Electronic address: [email protected] , (Japan)
  • 2 Division of Orthopedic Surgery, Miyazaki Prefecture Center for Disabled Children, Miyazaki 889-1601, Japan. , (Japan)
  • 3 Department of Medicine of Sensory and Motor Organs, Division of Orthopedic Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, University of Miyazaki, Miyazaki 889-1692, Japan. , (Japan)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of Orthopaedic Science
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Nov 13, 2017
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.jos.2017.10.012
PMID: 29146092
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

The decrease in the pennation angle after botulinum toxin A treatment is considered to be the result of a reduction of spasticity and subsequent structural changes in flaccid muscle fibers.

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