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Ultrasonic Propagation in Liquid and Ice Water Drops. Effect of Porosity

Authors
  • mendonck, michiel
  • aparicio, sofía
  • gonzález díaz, cristóbal gonzález
  • hernández, margarita g.
  • m., guillermo
  • anaya, josé javier
  • cazaux, stéphanie
Publication Date
Jul 13, 2021
Identifiers
DOI: 10.3390/s21144790
OAI: oai:mdpi.com:/1424-8220/21/14/4790/
Source
MDPI
Keywords
Language
English
License
Green
External links

Abstract

This work studies ultrasonic propagation in liquid and ice water drops. The effect of porosity on attenuation of ultrasonic waves in the drops is also explored. The motivation of this research was the possible application of ultrasonic techniques to the study of interstellar and cometary ice analogs. These ice analogs, made by vapor deposition onto a cold substrate at 10 K, can display high porosity values up to 40%. We found that the ultrasonic pulse was fully attenuated in such ice, and decided to grow ice samples by freezing a liquid drop. Several experiments were performed using liquid or frozen water drops with and without pores. An ultrasonic pulse was transmitted through each drop and measured. This method served to estimate the ultrasonic velocity of each drop by measuring drop size and time-of-flight of ultrasonic transmission. Propagation of ultrasonic waves in these drops was also simulated numerically using the SimNDT program developed by the authors. After that, the ultrasonic velocity was related with the porosity using a micromechanical model. It was found that a low value of porosity in the ice is sufficient to attenuate the ultrasonic propagation. This explains the observed lack of transmission in porous astrophysical ice analogs.

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