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Ultramicro-analysis by use of light-scanning photoacoustic densitometry for electrophoresed protein in human hair.

Authors
  • Fukami, T
  • Uchiyama, K
  • Yoshimura, Y
  • Watanabe, T
  • Nakazawa, H
Type
Published Article
Journal
Analytical biochemistry
Publication Date
Jun 15, 1996
Volume
238
Issue
1
Pages
60–64
Identifiers
PMID: 8660587
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

A technique was developed for the ultramicro-analysis of proteins electrophoresed by Laemmli's method using a light-scanning photoacoustic densitometer. After electrophoresis, the proteins were blotted on a nitrocellulose membrane filter and colored by the avidin-biotin complex method. This filter was then measured using a photoacoustic densitometer. The optimal blotting time was 150 min. The relative standard deviation of four measurements was 3.89% for 200 ng bovine serum albumin (BSA). The limits of detection were 2.3, 0.69, 4.4, and 2.9 ng (S/N = 3) for BSA, ovalbumin, carbonic anhydrase, and alpha-Lactoalbum respectively. Proteins eluted from hair by various harmful agents, such as a surfactant and UV irradiation, were analyzed by the present method. Using 2-mercaptoethanol, the molecular weights of proteins in hair were in the range of 14,000-64,000. Maximal elution of protein was obtained at pH 8. More protein was eluted under alkaline conditions than under acidic conditions. A protein of Mr 68,000 was eluted from hair by oxidative treatment with either UV irradiation or sodium bromate.

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