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Tyrphostin reduces the organ injury in haemorrhagic shock: role of inducible nitric oxide synthase.

Authors
  • McDonald, Michelle
  • Abdelrahman, Maha
  • Cuzzocrea, Salvatore
  • Thiemermann, Christoph
Type
Published Article
Journal
Resuscitation
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Sep 01, 2003
Volume
58
Issue
3
Pages
349–361
Identifiers
PMID: 12969613
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

We investigate the effects of the tyrosine kinase inhibitor, tyrphostin AG126 on the organ injury and dysfunction (kidney, liver, pancreas, muscle and or brain) associated with haemorrhagic shock in the anaesthetised rat. Haemorrhage (sufficient to lower mean arterial blood pressure to 45 mmHg for 90 min) and subsequent resuscitation with the shed blood resulted (within 4 h after resuscitation) in expression of inducible nitric oxide synthase inhibitor (iNOS), positive staining for nitrotyrosine (liver), renal, liver and pancreatic injury, and injury to the muscle and brain. Pre-treatment (30 min prior to the onset of haemorrhage) with the tyrosine kinase inhibitor tyrphostin AG126 reduced the iNOS expression, nitrotyrosine formation, hepatic, brain or muscular injury, and to a lesser extent, the renal injury caused by haemorrhage and resuscitation. Selective inhibition of iNOS activity with N-(3-(aminomethyl)benzyl) acetamidine (1400 W, 10 mg kg(-1) i.v., 5 min prior to the onset of resuscitation), also attenuated nitrotyrosine formation, renal dysfunction, liver injury and brain or muscular injury associated with haemorrhagic shock. The expression of iNOS protein was unaffected by 1400 W. We propose that the activation of tyrosine kinases and the induction of iNOS contribute to the multiple organ injury caused by severe haemorrhage and resuscitation.

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