Tyrosine aminotransferase (L-tyrosine: 2 oxoglutarate aminotransferase; EC 188.8.131.52; TATase) is the first enzyme in the catabolic pathway of tyrosine. The gene of this transaminase is regulated by glucocorticoid hormones as well as via the cAMP pathway. This review gives a brief survey of the structural and physico-chemical properties of this well-known protein. A comparative study of the properties of TATase with other aminotransferases is also included to analyse this molecule for itself, and not only as a marker used in studies on enzymatic induction. Finally, the regulation of the gene expression is presented, in order to underline a few important features of this model.