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[Types of hospital property and the relative rate of cesarean section occurrence].

Authors
  • Konstantinov, S
  • Zlatkov, V
Type
Published Article
Journal
Akusherstvo i ginekologiia
Publication Date
Jan 01, 2015
Volume
54
Issue
2
Pages
8–13
Identifiers
PMID: 25909134
Source
Medline
Language
Bulgarian
License
Unknown

Abstract

To determine the influential significance of types of hospital property over methods of delivery and other related medical issues The research includes 61 662 deliveries over the period of 01.01.2013-31.12.2013, registered in the Birth Information System (BIS) maintained by the National Center of Public Health and Analyses . It is a retrospective research that compares the portion of cesarean sections (C-sections), premature births, the birth weight of newborns, and APGAR scores at the first minute after birth in three types of hospitals, divided by their property types--municipal, state owned, and private. Alternate analysis has been used--comparison of relative portion indices. We used t-test to determine significant differences among surveyed indicators with established level of significance p < 0.05. The rate of C-sections out of all deliveries for the period of 2013 totals 38.40%. One can determine important differences in this rate among different types of hospitals, the highest rate reaching 59.63% in private hospitals. Health institutions with more than 1000 deliveries per year also show a greater amount of accomplished c-sections. The percentage of birth before 37 weeks of gestation and of birth weight below 2500 g is greatest in state owned hospitals, and the portion of newborns with APGAR scores measuring above 7 is greatest in municipal hospitals. There is a tendency in the rise of the portion of c-sections, and from 2012 to 2013 this rise runs up to 2.39%. However, there is a lack of data to relate significant greater proportion of c-section deliveries in private hospitals to any medical reasons. Therefore, some additional research should be done to give a more objective explanation to the reasons as well as the consequences that follow a change in obstetrical behavior that eventually leads to a rise in c-section deliveries.

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