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A two-way coupled CFD-DQMOM approach for long-term dynamic simulation of a fluidized bed reactor

Authors
  • Kim, Minjun1
  • Lee, Kyoungmin1
  • Bak, Youngseok1
  • Lee, Jong Min1
  • 1 Seoul National University, Gwanak-ro 1, Gwanak-gu, Seoul, 08826, Korea , Seoul (South Korea)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Korean Journal of Chemical Engineering
Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Publication Date
Feb 06, 2021
Volume
38
Issue
2
Pages
342–353
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1007/s11814-020-0701-4
Source
Springer Nature
Keywords
License
Yellow

Abstract

For the long-term dynamic simulation of a fluidized bed reactor (FBR), a two-way coupled computational fluid dynamics (CFD)-direct quadrature method of moments (DQMOM) approach is proposed. In this approach, CFD is first used only for hydrodynamic information without simulating any other chemical reactions or physical phenomena. Subsequently, the derived information is applied to the DQMOM calculation in MATLAB. From the calculation, a particle size distribution is obtained and subsequently adopted in a new CFD model to reflect the flow change caused by a change in the particle size distribution. Through several iterative calculations, long-term dynamic simulations are performed. To evaluate the efficacy of the proposed approach, the results from the suggested approach are compared for 60 s with those of the CFD-quadrature method of moments (QMOM) approach, which calculates hydrodynamics and physical phenomena simultaneously in CFD. The proposed approach successfully simulated the FBR for 6 h. The results confirmed that the proposed method can simulate complex flow patterns, which cannot be obtained in conventional CFD models. Another advantage of the approach is that it can be applied to various industrial multiphase reactors without any tuning parameters.

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