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Two reactivity modes in the heterogeneous cyclohexene ozonolysis under tropospherically relevant ozone-rich and ozone-limited conditions.

Authors
  • Stokes, Grace Y
  • Chen, Ehow H
  • Walter, Stephanie R
  • Geiger, Franz M
Type
Published Article
Journal
The Journal of Physical Chemistry A
Publisher
American Chemical Society
Publication Date
Aug 06, 2009
Volume
113
Issue
31
Pages
8985–8993
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1021/jp904104s
PMID: 19591476
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

Important mechanistic differences regarding C=C double-bond oxidation processes under ozone-limited and ozone-rich reaction conditions for cyclohexene-functionalized fused silica substrates serving as model systems for studying heterogeneous C=C double bond oxidation chemistry in the troposphere are evaluated. By using broadband vibrational sum frequency generation (SFG), we track heterogeneous ozone reactions in real time. Ozone levels span three orders of magnitude and represent environments ranging from pristine remote continental regions to highly polluted urban centers, ranging from 30 ppb to 3 ppm (from 7 x 10(11) molecules cm(-3) to 7 x 10(13) molecules cm(-3)). We determine reaction rates and reactive uptake coefficients (gamma values). At these tropospherically relevant ozone levels, the heterogeneous reaction rates follow a Langmuir-Hinshelwood-type mechanism. The product formation rates, which we determine as a function of ozone concentrations, are found to be half of the olefin reaction rates. This ratio is consistent with the previously proposed reaction pathway involving the breaking of one C=C double bond containing two olefinic CH moieties to form a product containing only one methyl group and one polar carbonyl moiety. Contact angle histograms show that out of a total of 60 measurements, there are about 25 more measurements with contact angles up to ten degrees below the mean recorded prior to reaction when ozone levels resemble remote continental conditions (50 ppb) than when ozone levels resemble urban conditions (1 ppm). The implication of these results are that the methyl formation pathway in heterogeneous ozonolysis may be less favorable than the carboxylic acid- and secondary ozonide-production pathway for ozone-limited conditions (i.e., in the remote continental troposphere or during urban nighttime) as opposed to ozone-rich (i.e., polluted urban atmosphere) conditions.

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