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Two Forbidden Induced Minor Theorems for Antimatroids

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Preprint
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Submission Date
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arXiv ID: 1201.2986
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arXiv
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Abstract

Antimatroids were discovered by Dilworth in the context of lattices [4] and introduced by Edelman and Jamison as convex geometries in[5]. The author of the current paper independently discovered (possibly infinite) antimatroids in the context of proof systems in mathematical logic [1]. Carlson, a logician, makes implicit use of this view of proof systems as possibly infinite antimatroids in [2]. Though antimatroids are in a sense dual to matroids, far fewer antimatroid forbidden minor theorems are known. Some results of this form are proved in [6], [7], [8], and [9]. This paper proves two forbidden induced minor theorems for these objects, which we think of as proof systems. Our first main theorem gives a new proof of the forbidden induced minor characterization of partial orders as proof systems, proved in [8] in the finite case and stated in [10] for what we call strong aut descendable proof systems. It essentially states that, pathologies aside, there is a certain unique simplest nonposet. Our second main theorem states the new result that, pathologies aside, there is a certain unique simplest proof system containing points $x$ and $y$ such that $x$ needs $y$ in one context, yet $y$ needs $x$ in another.

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