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The two faces of synaptic failure inApp(NL-G-F)knock-in mice

  • Latif-Hernandez, Amira;
  • Sabanov, Victor; 57121;
  • Ahmed, Tariq;
  • Craessaerts, Katleen;
  • Saito, Takashi;
  • Saido, Takaomi;
  • Balschun, Detlef; 49654;
Publication Date
Aug 24, 2020
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BACKGROUND: Intensive basic and preclinical research into Alzheimer's disease (AD) has yielded important new findings, but they could not yet been translated into effective therapies. One of the reasons is the lack of animal models that sufficiently reproduce the complexity of human AD and the response of human brain circuits to novel treatment approaches. As a step in overcoming these limitations, new App knock-in models have been developed that avoid transgenic APP overexpression and its associated side effects. These mice are proposed to serve as valuable models to examine Aß-related pathology in "preclinical AD." METHODS: Since AD as the most common form of dementia progresses into synaptic failure as a major cause of cognitive deficits, the detailed characterization of synaptic dysfunction in these new models is essential. Here, we addressed this by extracellular and whole-cell patch-clamp recordings in AppNL-G-F mice compared to AppNL animals which served as controls. RESULTS: We found a beginning synaptic impairment (LTP deficit) at 3-4 months in the prefrontal cortex of AppNL-G-F mice that is further aggravated and extended to the hippocampus at 6-8 months. Measurements of miniature EPSCs and IPSCs point to a marked increase in excitatory and inhibitory presynaptic activity, the latter accompanied by a moderate increase in postsynaptic inhibitory function. CONCLUSIONS: Our data reveal a marked impairment of primarily postsynaptic processes at the level of synaptic plasticity but the dominance of a presumably compensatory presynaptic upregulation at the level of elementary miniature synaptic function. / status: published

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