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Twin-beam laser velocimeter for the investigation of spermatozoon motility.

Authors
  • Wilson, M C
  • Harvey, J D
Type
Published Article
Journal
Biophysical journal
Publication Date
Jan 01, 1983
Volume
41
Issue
1
Pages
13–21
Identifiers
PMID: 6824749
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

Previous laser light-scattering studies of spermatozoon motility have been hampered by the large, asymmetric shape of spermatozoa, which causes difficulties in the interpretation of intensity fluctuations in the light scattered from a single laser beam. This paper describes an experimental arrangement for measuring the distribution of transit times for swimming spermatozoa using two slightly separated, focused laser beams. The theory of operation of the instrument is developed to enable the analysis of the experimentally obtained cross-correlation functions. The effects of the pronounced spermatozoon asymmetry and associated intensity modulation in the scattered light are also investigated and shown to be negligible for the twin beam experimental arrangement, provided that the swimming speed distribution has a coefficient of variation (sigma/upsilon greater than 0.1. Results obtained using this apparatus are presented for the velocity distribution of spermatozoa from a variety of bulls.

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