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The Turkish version of the SPPIC validated among informal caregivers with a Turkish immigrant background

  • van Wezel, Nienke1
  • van der Heide, Iris2
  • Devillé, Walter L. J. M.2, 3, 4
  • Duran, Gozde1
  • Hoopman, Rianne5
  • Blom, Marco M.1
  • Pot, Anne Margriet6, 7
  • Spreeuwenberg, Peter2
  • Francke, Anneke L.2, 8
  • 1 Alzheimer Nederland, Amersfoort, Netherlands , Amersfoort (Netherlands)
  • 2 Netherlands Institute for Health Services Research (Nivel), Utrecht, Netherlands , Utrecht (Netherlands)
  • 3 University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands , Amsterdam (Netherlands)
  • 4 University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht, Netherlands , Utrecht (Netherlands)
  • 5 Amsterdam Public Health Research Institute VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands , Amsterdam (Netherlands)
  • 6 University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia , Brisbane (Australia)
  • 7 World Health Organisation, Geneva, Switzerland , Geneva (Switzerland)
  • 8 Amsterdam Public Health Research Institute, Amsterdam, The Netherlands , Amsterdam (Netherlands)
Published Article
BMC Geriatrics
BioMed Central
Publication Date
Apr 29, 2021
DOI: 10.1186/s12877-021-02161-6
Springer Nature


BackgroundThis study assesses the internal consistency and known group validity of the Turkish version of the SPPIC, a measurement instrument to assess the self perceived pressure from informal care in family caregivers of people with dementia that was originally in Dutch.MethodsThe feasibility, comprehensibility and appropriateness of the Turkish SPPIC were assessed during a pilot test. Internal consistency was examined based on data from 117 family caregivers with a Turkish immigrant background by calculating Cronbach’s alpha and by conducting a single-factor Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA). Known group validity was determined to obtain an understanding of the validity of the translated instrument, testing differences in the self-perceived pressure from informal care, depending on frequency of caregiving, living with a person with dementia and level of education.ResultsThe pilot test showed that the translated SPPIC was considered to be feasible, comprehensible and appropriate. The internal consistency appeared to be strong (Cronbach’s alpha: 0.94). The CFA indicated that the factor ‘Self-perceived Pressure from Informal Care’ explained varying levels of variance in the items of the SPPIC (ranging from .52 to .87). Family caregivers who provided care at least once a week and who shared a home with a person with dementia perceived a greater pressure from informal care (p = 0.007, p = 0.001).ConclusionsThe Turkish translation of the SPPIC can be used in future research and practice to obtain insight into self-perceived pressure from informal care of family caregivers with Turkish immigrant backgrounds. At the same time it is recommended to conduct more research on how the measurement of self-perceived pressure from informal care in this group can be further improved.

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