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Tunable Large Pore Mesoporous Carbons for the Enhanced Adsorption of Humic Acid.

Authors
  • Libbrecht, Wannes1, 2, 3
  • Verberckmoes, An1
  • Thybaut, Joris W2
  • Van Der Voort, Pascal3
  • De Clercq, Jeriffa1
  • 1 Industrial Catalysis and Adsorption Technology (INCAT), Faculty of Engineering and Architecture, Ghent University , Valentin Vaerwyckweg 1, 9000 Ghent, Belgium. , (Belgium)
  • 2 Laboratory for Chemical Technology, Faculty of Engineering and Architecture, Ghent University , Technologiepark 914, 9052 Zwijnaarde, Belgium. , (Belgium)
  • 3 Center for Ordered Materials, Organometallics and Catalysis (COMOC), Department of Inorganic and Physical Chemistry, Ghent University , Krijgslaan 281-S3, 9000 Ghent, Belgium. , (Belgium)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Langmuir
Publisher
American Chemical Society
Publication Date
Jul 11, 2017
Volume
33
Issue
27
Pages
6769–6777
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1021/acs.langmuir.7b01099
PMID: 28618778
Source
Medline
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

Tunable large pore soft templated mesoporous carbons (SMC) were obtained via the organic self-assembly of resorcinol/formaldehyde with the triblock copolymer F127 and by investigating the effect of carbon precursor to surfactant (p/s) ratio and carbonization temperature on the material characteristics. The p/s ratio and carbonization temperature were varied respectively from 0.83 to 0.25 and from 400 to 1200 °C. The resulting SMCs had various average pore sizes, tunable from 7 up to 50 nm. At lower p/s ratios, the pore size increased, pore size distributions broadened, and pore volumes increased. An increase of hydrophobicity was observed at elevated carbonization temperatures. A 2D hexagonal ordered SMC with a narrow pore size distribution was obtained at a ratio of 0.83. Lower ratios (0.5 and 0.25) transformed into disordered porous carbons containing micropores, mesopores, and even macropores. The SMCs were tested for adsorption of a large organic molecule, humic acid (HA), from water. The material characteristics that significantly affected HA adsorption capacity were pore size and mass % (wt %) carbon. The novel SMCs showed an unprecedented high adsorption of HA in the entire molecular weight distribution range. SMCs with large mesopores resulted in higher maximum adsorption capacities and improved HA adsorption kinetics compared to activated carbon.

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