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Trypan blue removal from water with zein sorbents and laccase

Authors
  • Marshall, Tatianna1
  • Lamont, Kristine1
  • Marangoni, Alejandro G.1
  • Lim, Loong-Tak1
  • Wang, Xiuju1
  • Pensini, Erica1
  • 1 University of Guelph, 50 Stone Road East, Guelph, ON, N1G 2W1, Canada , Guelph (Canada)
Type
Published Article
Journal
SN Applied Sciences
Publisher
Springer International Publishing
Publication Date
Jan 07, 2021
Volume
3
Issue
1
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1007/s42452-020-04107-w
Source
Springer Nature
Keywords
License
Green

Abstract

AbstractZein-based materials were used to remove Trypan blue from water under flow conditions and in batch tests. In flow tests, zein dissolved at pH = 13 was injected in sand columns and subsequently coagulated with CaCl2, to create an adsorbent filter which removed over 99% of Trypan blue. Batch tests were conducted using zein powder, zein dissolved at pH = 13 and coagulated with CaCl2, Fe2Cl3 or citric acid, and zein dissolved in ethanol and then coagulated with water. The highest Trypan blue removal was achieved with zein powder (4000 mg Trypan blue/kg sorbent, as determined through spectrophotometry), followed by zein coagulated with Fe2Cl3 (500 mg Trypan blue/kg sorbent) and with other salts (140 mg Trypan blue/kg sorbent). Differences in the sorption efficiency are attributed to differences in the surface area. The sorption isotherm of Trypan blue onto zein-based sorbents was a Type II isotherm, suggesting physisorption. Desorption of Trypan blue was limited when zein-based coagulated sorbents were immersed in pure water. Trypan blue could be degraded by free laccase in water, as determined through spectrophotometry and electrospray ionization mass spectroscopy (ESI-MS). Trypan blue could also be degraded by laccase when zein-based laccase-containing sorbents were prepared at pH = 10, using Fe2Cl3 as coagulant.Graphic abstract

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