Glaucoma is one of the leading causes of visual impairment and blindness worldwide. Of known risk factors for glaucoma, an increased in intraocular pressure is most highly correlated with glaucomatous damage. Irrespective of the cause, apoptosis of the retinal ganglion cells is the eventual outcome. It is widely accepted that glaucoma is a neurodegenerative disease that is strongly correlated with central nervous system disorders, such as Alzheimer's disease. These two disorders also share some similarities in pathogenic mechanisms. Recent studies suggest that the transient receptor potential canonical 6 channel could work together with brain-derived neurotrophic factor to promote neuron survival in brain and retina. In this study, we propose that transient receptor potential canonical 6 may contribute to the pathogenesis of human glaucoma and become a potential therapeutic target.