Astroglial excitability is based on highly spatio-temporally coordinated fluctuations of intracellular ion concentrations, among which changes in Ca(2+) and Na(+) take the leading role. Intracellular signals mediated by Ca(2+) and Na(+) target numerous molecular cascades that control gene expression, energy production and numerous homeostatic functions of astrocytes. Initiation of Ca(2+) and Na(+) signals relies upon plasmalemmal and intracellular channels that allow fluxes of respective ions down their concentration gradients. Astrocytes express several types of TRP channels of which TRPA1 channels are linked to regulation of functional expression of GABA transporters, whereas TRPV4 channels are activated following osmotic challenges and are up-regulated in ischaemic conditions. Astrocytes also ubiquitously express several isoforms of TRPC channels of which heteromers assembled from TRPC1, 4 and/or 5 subunits that likely act as stretch-activated channels and are linked to store-operated Ca(2+) entry. The TRPC channels mediate large Na(+) fluxes that are associated with the endoplasmic reticulum Ca(2+) signalling machinery and hence coordinate Na(+) and Ca(2+) signalling in astroglia.