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Triterpenoid saponins from the stem barks of Schefflera heptaphylla.

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
Planta Medica
1439-0221
Publisher
Thieme Publishing Group
Publication Date
Volume
79
Issue
14
Pages
1348–1355
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1055/s-0033-1350674
PMID: 23925903
Source
Medline

Abstract

Nine new triterpenoid saponins, including four ursane-type triterpenoid saponins named heptursosides A-D (1-4), four oleanane-type triterpenoid saponins named heptoleosides A-D (5-8), and one dammarane-type triterpenoid saponin, heptdamoside A (9), along with two known saponins, asiaticoside D (10) and scheffoleoside B (11), were isolated from the stem barks of Schefflera heptaphylla. Their structures were determined on the basis of spectroscopic analysis and chemical methods. It is noteworthy in this study that the aglycone of 1-6 is reported for the first time, and to the best of our knowledge, this is the first report for the presence of the tetracyclic triterpenoid saponin from Schefflera. All the saponins were evaluated for their inhibitory effects on lipopolysaccharide-induced nitric oxide production in RAW264.7 cells, and 2, 6, 7, and 10 showed anti-inflammatory activities under their noncytotoxic concentrations.

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