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Triple right testicular veins and their variant termination and communications.

Authors
  • Nayak, Satheesha B1
  • Kodimajalu Vasudeva, Soumya2
  • 1 Departent of Anatomy, Melaka Manipal Medical College (Manipal Campus), Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Madhav Nagar, Manipal, Karnataka State, India. , (India)
  • 2 Department of Mathematics, Manipal Institute of Technology, Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Madhav Nagar, Manipal, Karnataka State, India. , (India)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Heliyon
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Sep 01, 2020
Volume
6
Issue
9
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.heliyon.2020.e05014
PMID: 32995649
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

Testicular veins are known to show many variations in their origin, course and termination. Some of their variations can lead to male sterility. We report a unique variation of right testicular vein here. Pampiniform plexus reduced to three testicular veins (medial, middle and lateral) at the deep inguinal ring on the right side. The medial vein terminated into the right renal vein, the middle vein terminated into the inferior vena cava above the level of right renal vein (close to the suprarenal gland) and the lateral vein terminated partly into the veins in the capsules of the kidney and partly into the veins under the diaphragm. The medial and middle testicular veins were connected through an oblique communicating vein. The middle and lateral testicular veins were also connected to each other through another oblique communicating vein. Knowledge of this case could be useful to radiologists, nephrologists and surgeons in general. © 2020 Published by Elsevier Ltd.

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