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Triple combination of retinoic acid + 6-thioguanine + hexamethylene bisacetamide induces differentiation of human AML blasts in primary culture.

Authors
  • Tawhid, H
  • Rees, J
Type
Published Article
Journal
Leukemia Research
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Jan 01, 1990
Volume
14
Issue
2
Pages
109–117
Identifiers
PMID: 2314112
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

Differentiation induction therapy provides an alternative therapeutic approach for patients with acute myeloid leukaemia (AML) who are either unsuitable for or unresponsive to conventional cytotoxic chemotherapy. The effect of a triple combination of retinoic acid (RA) + 6-thioguanine (6-Th) + hexamethylene bisacetamide (HMBA) on differentiation of blasts from 24 AML patients was studied. Nonadherent mononuclear cells were seeded at a concentration of 5 x 10(5) cells/ml in 24-well tissue culture plates containing RPMI-1640 culture medium with 20% fetal calf serum and 10% 5637-conditioned medium and incubated with 10(-6) M retinoic acid, 1.5 X 10(-6) M 6-thioguanine and/or 2 mM hexamethylene bisacetamide for six days at 37 degrees C in a humidified incubator under 5% CO2. Morphological, cytochemical and functional differentiation into mature cells were induced in blasts from 22 out of the 24 AML patients following exposure to the triple combination of 10(-6) M RA + 1.5 X 10(-6) M 6-Th + 2 mM HMBA in primary culture. These effective results justify a clinical trial of such triple combination for AML patients who are either unsuitable for or unresponsive to conventional cytotoxic chemotherapy.

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