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Trends in the evolution of the proenkephalin and prodynorphin genes in gnathostomes.

Authors
  • Khalap, Ashley
  • Bagrosky, Brian
  • Lecaude, Stephanie
  • Youson, John
  • Danielson, Phillip
  • Dores, Robert M
Type
Published Article
Journal
Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
Publication Date
Apr 01, 2005
Volume
1040
Pages
22–37
Identifiers
PMID: 15891003
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

The opioid/orphanin gene family provides a model system for analyzing the outcomes of genome duplication events. Recent studies on the proenkephalin gene provide additional evidence that the organizational plan for this gene has been conserved throughout the extensive radiation of the gnathostome vertebrates. However, an analysis of the amino acid sequence of proenkephalin from the zebrafish, Danio rerio, suggests that novel forms of this opioid precursor may be evolving in teleosts. Analyses of sarcopterygian prodynorphin sequences revealed a proenkephalin signature in prodynorphin. Current studies on the opioid/orphanin gene family point to the duplication events that shaped this family occurring prior to the radiation of the gnathostomes.

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