BackgroundMetabolic disorders are heterogeneous group of genetic disorders that are responsible for significant neonatal and infant morbidity and mortality worldwide. In developing countries like Pakistan where infant mortality is high current population based studies are unable to gauge contribution of metabolic disorders in causing mortality and morbidity. It is essential to address this gap by a review of available scattered Pakistani data related to metabolic disorders specifically congenital hypothyroidism and inborn error of metabolism to calculate probable burden of these disorders.Main bodyUnfortunately currently in Pakistan newborn screening which identifies these illnesses at birth as a preventive strategy are not available. For current review data was collected through a systematic search of published articles (including data related to screening in certain subgroups of patients admitted to pediatric/neonatal intensive care units, patients with developmental delay/mental retardation).ConclusionThe primary aim of this review was to get an estimate of the disease burden in the Pakistani population as true prevalence of Congenital Hypothyroidism and Inborn Errors of Metabolism in Pakistan is not available. This systematic review will help us to identify the rough idea about the scale of problem in Pakistan.