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Trends and changes in the knowledge of mother-to-child transmission means of HIV among Vietnamese women aged 15-49 years and its associated factors: findings from the Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys, 2000-2014.

  • Vo Hoang, Long1, 2
  • Nguyen Si Anh, Hao1
  • Tran Minh, Hien1
  • Tran Nhu, Phong3
  • Nguyen, Huyen-Trang4
  • Affarah, Wahyu Sulistya5
  • Van, Huy Nguyen1, 6, 7
  • 1 a Institute for Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Hanoi Medical University , Hanoi , Vietnam.
  • 2 b Woolcock Institute of Medical Research Vietnam , Hanoi , Vietnam.
  • 3 c Public Health Department, Nursing Faculty, Dai Nam University , Hanoi , Vietnam.
  • 4 d Department of Public Health, Thang Long University , Hanoi , Vietnam.
  • 5 e Public Health Department, Faculty of Medicine, Mataram University , West Nusa Tenggara , Indonesia. , (Indonesia)
  • 6 f Graduate School of Public Health, St. Luke's International University , Tokyo , Japan. , (Japan)
  • 7 g Department of Quantitative Health Sciences, University of Massachusetts Medical School , Worcester , MA , USA.
Published Article
AIDS care
Publication Date
Aug 15, 2019
DOI: 10.1080/09540121.2019.1654078
PMID: 31416349


This study aims to characterize trends and changes in the prevalence of knowledge of mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) means of HIV as well as to identify its associated socioeconomic factors among Vietnamese women. This is a repeated cross-sectional study using data from the Vietnam Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys 2000, 2006, 2011 and 2014. We found that a slow increase was found in the trend of adequate knowledge of HIV transmission means from mother to child among women between 2000 and 2014 (41.81% in 2000, 45.66% in 2006, 49.58% in 2011, and 46.83% in 2014). Most women knew that HIV could be transmitted during pregnancy, however, more than half of women did not know all three ways of MTCT. Socioeconomic factors including age, ethnicity, education level, and economic status as factors that affected full knowledge of MTCT means. The study helps to design public health programs to raise 15-49-year-old women's knowledge in HIV transmission means from mother to child as well as can provide a quite strong case for policy adaptation to improve women's health in the time to come.

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