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Treatment of a patient with post-natal chronic calf pain utilizing instrument-assisted soft tissue mobilization: a case study.

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
The Journal of manual & manipulative therapy
Publication Date
Volume
19
Issue
3
Pages
127–134
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1179/2042618611Y.0000000006
PMID: 22851875
Source
Medline
Keywords
  • Chronic Pain
  • Instrument-Assisted Soft Tissue Mobilization
  • Manual Therapy
  • Massage
  • Postnatal

Abstract

Musculoskeletal pain is commonly reported by pre- and postnatal women, with the most common complaint being low back pain. However, lower leg pain is also frequently reported by women particularly in the third trimester. The purpose of the case study is to illustrate how instrument-assisted soft tissue mobilization (ISTM) can be used to treat a patient with a 2-year history of chronic calf pain. The subject was a 35-year-old female who developed calf pain during the last trimester of her pregnancy following severe lower leg edema. The calf pain was present for the 2 years following delivery and was described as a dull ache, typically aggravated by direct pressure on the calf, prolonged standing, and stairs. An X-ray, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with contrast, and ultrasound Doppler study prior to referral ruled out tumors, vascular, lymphatic, or skeletal bone abnormalities. However, her MRI did show a dense superficial venous tissue asymmetry in the same location of her symptoms. Impairments were minimal; the only asymmetrical objective findings were calf length, strength, and soft tissue restrictions detected on palpation. After nine treatments incorporating an ISTM approach, soft tissue mobility, pain, calf strength, and lower extremity functional scale score all improved and her symptoms were abolished.

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