Empirical data about the different effects of a specific inpatient psychotherapeutic intervention for elderly patients (over 55 years) are presented in this study. An analysis of sub-units presented four different groups of elderly patients with different psychotherapy effects. Three of four groups showed significant reduced stress in self-rated well-being and depression, only one group had no significant effects one year after the inpatient psychotherapy. Because the patients of this group describes themselves at the beginning of the treatment as "quite normal", significant effects in outcome are hardly to be expected. For a better understanding of this group, other-rated information is necessary. Implications for changing the treatment are discussed.