The aim of the present study was to evaluate survival and therapy for ventricular tachyarrhythmia in patients treated with implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD)-implantation at Skejby Hospital. Seventy-two patients, of which 54 were male, have received an ICD since 1989. Mean (range) age was 54 (16-74) years. Forty-nine (68%) had ischaemic heart disease. The patients were followed for a median (range) of 14 (1/2-50) months. Kaplan-Meyer plots are presented for total mortality, cardiac mortality, sudden cardiac mortality, appropriate therapy, and therapy for life-threatening tachyarrhythmia. After one, two and three years respectively, mortality was respectively 13, 27, and 32%, cardiac mortality was 5, 19, and 24%, sudden cardiac mortality was 3, 6, and 12%, cumulative incidence of appropriate therapy was 56, 66, and 90%, and cumulative incidence of therapy for life-threatening tachyarrhythmia was 19, 29 and 52%. It is concluded, that the majority of patients treated with an ICD developed ventricular tachyarrhythmia and had appropriate or lifesaving ICD-therapy during follow-up.