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Treatment of hip fracture of Pope Innocent XII by Marcello Malpighi with bed rest.

Authors
  • Bigoni, Marco1, 2
  • Zatti, Giovanni1, 2
  • Zanchi, Nicolò1, 2
  • Anghilieri, Filippo Maria1
  • Riva, Michele A3
  • 1 School of Medicine and Surgery, University of Milano Bicocca, via Cadore 48, 20900, Monza, Italy. , (Italy)
  • 2 Orthopaedics Clinic, San Gerardo Hospital, Monza, Italy. , (Italy)
  • 3 School of Medicine and Surgery, University of Milano Bicocca, via Cadore 48, 20900, Monza, Italy. [email protected] , (Italy)
Type
Published Article
Journal
International Orthopaedics
Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Publication Date
Feb 01, 2018
Volume
42
Issue
2
Pages
437–440
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1007/s00264-017-3669-x
PMID: 29119295
Source
Medline
Keywords
License
Unknown

Abstract

Marcello Malpighi (1628-1694), who is referred to as the father of microscopical anatomy, histology, physiology and embryology was an Italian biologist and physician, well known for his discoveries on microscopical anatomy of kidney, circulating and lymphatic systems. As well as being a brilliant anatomist, Malpighi was also a valued physician so far as to became the personal physician of Pope Innocent XII (1615-1700). On 23 August 1691, one month after his election, the Pope fell to the ground hitting his left hip. Malpighi, as his personal physician, was immediately called and diagnosed a hip fracture. At that time fractures were generally treated by surgeons, barbers and sawbones, while physicians were mainly concerned with internal diseases. Despite that, Marcello Malpighi cured Pope Innocent XII's hip fracture by applying some modern traumatologic concepts. This article analyses how Malpighi treated this hip fracture, comparing it with the current approach.

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