During the last decades there has been a debate regarding whether transvascular protein transport is an active (transcytosis) or a passive (porous) process. To separate cooling-sensitive transcytosis from passive transport processes between blood and peritoneal fluid, we induced hypothermia in rats in vivo, reducing their body temperature to 19°C. Control rats were kept at 37°C. Either human albumin, or IgG, or IgM, or LDL, radiolabeled with 125I, was given intra-arterially together with 51Cr-EDTA. During tracer administration, a 2-hour peritoneal dialysis dwell was performed. Clearance of the tracers to dialysate, and the permeability-surface area coefficient (PS) for 51Cr-EDTA and glucose were assessed. During cooling, mean arterial blood pressure (MAP) was reduced to 40% of control and plasma viscosity increased by 48.5%, while peritoneal blood flow was reduced to 10%. At 19°C, clearance of albumin to dialysate fell from 9.30 ± 1.62 (SEM) to 3.13 ± 0.28 µl/min (p < 0.05), clearance of IgG from 6.33 ± 0.42 to 2.54 ± 0.12 µl/min (p < 0.05), clearance of IgM from 3.65 ± 0.33 to 1.10 ± 0.12 µl/min (p < 0.05), and clearance of LDL from 3.54 ± 0.20 to 0.73 ± 0.06 µl/min (p < 0.05). The fall in PS for 51Cr-EDTA was from 0.320 ± 0.01 to 0.075 ± 0.003 ml/min (p < 0.05), and that for glucose from 0.438 ± 0.02 to 0.105 ± 0.01 ml/min (p < 0.05). Tissue cooling reduced large solute transport largely in proportion to the cooling-induced reductions of MAP (to 40%), and the concomitant increase in viscosity (to 67%), i.e. to ≈20–30% (0.40 × 0.67) of control, though LDL clearance was reduced further. The fall in small solute PS, in excess of the viscosity effect, mirrored the fall in peritoneal blood flow occurring during hypothermia. In conclusion, the good correlation of predicted to calculated changes suggests that the overall transendothelial macromolecular passage in vivo occurs passively, and not due to active processes.