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Transplantation of Noncultured Stromal Vascular Fraction Cells of Adipose Tissue Ameliorates Osteonecrosis of the Jaw-Like Lesions in Mice.

  • Kuroshima, Shinichiro1
  • Sasaki, Muneteru1
  • Nakajima, Kazunori1
  • Tamaki, Saki1
  • Hayano, Hiroki1
  • Sawase, Takashi1
  • 1 Department of Applied Prosthodontics, Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, Nagasaki University, Nagasaki, Japan. , (Japan)
Published Article
Journal of Bone and Mineral Research
Wiley (John Wiley & Sons)
Publication Date
Sep 13, 2017
DOI: 10.1002/jbmr.3292
PMID: 28902422


The precise pathoetiology and effective treatment strategies for bisphosphonate-related osteonecrosis of the jaw (BRONJ) remain unknown. Transplantation of noncultured stromal vascular fraction (SVF) cells has been shown to be a useful method for regenerative medicine in place of stem cell therapy. This study investigated the effects of noncultured SVF transplantation on tooth extraction socket healing in mice. Both chemotherapeutic/bisphosphonate combination therapy for 7 weeks and tooth extraction of maxillary first molars at 3 weeks after drug administration were performed using female C57BL/6J mice. Osseous and soft tissue wound healing were validated at 4 weeks postextraction using gross wound healing and histomorphometry. Here, we created a new animal model of high-prevalence ONJ-like lesions that mimic human progression, because human ONJ mainly occurs in female patients taking both chemotherapeutic and bisphosphonate following tooth extraction. Moreover, mice with chemotherapeutic and bisphosphonate combination therapy for 5 weeks received SVF transplantation just after tooth extraction at 3 weeks post-drug administration. Euthanasia was performed at 2 weeks postextraction to assess the transplantation effects on wound healing using gross wound healing, histomorphometry, immunohistomorphometry, quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction, and microcomputed tomography. We showed that systemic transplantation of noncultured SVF cells ameliorates ONJ-like lesions by improving both osseous and soft tissue healing of tooth extraction sockets. SVF therapy significantly increased blood vessels and the ratio of M2/M1 macrophages. In addition, SVF transplantation reduced the increases in tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase-positive (TRAP+ ) mononuclear cells (MNCs) and nonattached osteoclasts from the bone surface, which were significantly detected in the connective tissue of tooth extraction sockets and bone marrow by chemotherapeutic/bisphosphonate combination therapy. Our findings suggest that transplantation of noncultured SVF cells is a suitable treatment for BRONJ. Abnormal TRAP+ MNCs and nonattached osteoclasts in systemic and local environments may contribute to the development of BRONJ. © 2017 American Society for Bone and Mineral Research.

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