Currently, there is no structured training plan to become a transplant surgeon in Germany. Similar to the Anglo-Saxonian educational system we have implemented a 3-year fellowship in transplant and hepatic-, pancreatic-, biliary (HPB) surgery. The educational curriculum is based on the guidelines of the European Board of Surgery (EBS) for transplant and HPB surgery. Here, we describe the underlying thoughts, the selection process, structure and curriculum for this fellowship. Furthermore, we critically compare our programme to the established international training standards. So far, our programme has proven valuable. We believe a fellowship for transplant and HPB surgery is a reasonable approach to ensure a high quality training of the following generations of surgeons in this field.