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Transoesophageal echocardiographic assessment of obstruction to the pulmonary venous pathway in children with Mustard or Senning repair.

Authors
  • Hashmi, A
  • Hosking, M
  • Teixeira, O
  • Cornel, G
  • Duncan, W
Type
Published Article
Journal
Cardiology in the young
Publication Date
Jan 01, 1998
Volume
8
Issue
1
Pages
79–85
Identifiers
PMID: 9680275
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

The morphology and mechanism of obstruction to the pulmonary venous pathway in patients following either Mustard or Senning repair of complete transposition was assessed using transoesophageal echocardiography. Seven patients underwent catheterization and complete transoesophageal study in both transverse and longitudinal planes, followed by balloon dilation of the obstructed venous pathway in five of seven under transoesophageal echocardiography guidance. A complete scan of both systemic and venous pathway was obtained in all patients. Four patients with a Mustard repair were found to have a 'tubular' baffle, with stenosis resulting from a discrete wedge of tissue arising from the atrial free wall in association with fibrous adhesions to the baffle. In the three patients with a Senning repair the intra-atrial baffle showed a characteristic 'peaked' appearance, with stenosis of the venous pathway stenosis related directly to contracture of the patch used to augment the atrial free wall. The mechanism of obstruction appears to be inherent to the different surgical techniques. Indwelling transoesophageal echocardiography provided immediate haemodynamic and morphologic assessment of the efficacy of dilation of the obstructed venous pathway.

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