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Translocated Danish in Northern Europe: The case of Faroe Danish and Dano-Norwegian

Authors
  • Kühl, Karoline
Type
Published Article
Journal
Sociolinguistica
Publisher
De Gruyter
Publication Date
Oct 26, 2017
Volume
31
Issue
1
Pages
57–72
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1515/soci-2017-0005
Source
De Gruyter
Keywords
License
Yellow

Abstract

The paper contains a descriptive analysis of the development of translocated Danish in historical Norway and the Faroes within a framework of postcolonial linguistic development, namely the ‘Dynamic Model of Postcolonial Englishes’ (Schneider 2009), originally proposed to cover the evolution of postcolonial varieties of English. The paper compares the socio-political development of the two territories and their relationship with Denmark, the identity constructions of the speakers, the sociolinguistic setting with regard to attitudes and language contact and, finally, the linguistic characteristics of the local varieties of Danish. Despite the fact that neither the Faroes nor Norway had actual colonial status, the development from historical Dano-Norwegian to today’s Bokmål follows a postcolonial path closely in that it shows a completed advancement from a translocated Danish to an indigenous variety, Bokmål. In contrast, the comparison with Norway and the other postcolonial situations which the ‘Dynamic Model’ is based on, shows that the evolution of Faroe- Danish does not follow a postcolonial path. This local variety of Danish seems to be best characterized as a lingua franca learned as an (early) L2 that is entrenched within the Faroese society which shows but few signs of nativization.

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