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Translational Roadmap for the Organs-on-a-Chip Industry toward Broad Adoption

Authors
  • Allwardt, Vanessa1
  • Ainscough, Alexander J.
  • Viswanathan, Priyalakshmi2
  • Sherrod, Stacy D.1
  • McLean, John A.1, 3
  • Haddrick, Malcolm2
  • Pensabene, Virginia4
  • 1 (J.A.M.)
  • 2 (M.H.)
  • 3 Vanderbilt Institute of Chemical Biology, Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center, Vanderbilt Institute for Integrative Biosystems Research and Education, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37235, USA
  • 4 School of Electronic and Electrical Engineering, School of Medicine, Leeds Institute of Medical Research at St. James’s, University of Leeds, Leeds LS2 9JT, UK
Type
Published Article
Journal
Bioengineering
Publisher
MDPI
Publication Date
Sep 16, 2020
Volume
7
Issue
3
Identifiers
DOI: 10.3390/bioengineering7030112
PMID: 32947816
PMCID: PMC7552662
Source
PubMed Central
Keywords
License
Green

Abstract

Organs-on-a-Chip (OOAC) is a disruptive technology with widely recognized potential to change the efficiency, effectiveness, and costs of the drug discovery process; to advance insights into human biology; to enable clinical research where human trials are not feasible. However, further development is needed for the successful adoption and acceptance of this technology. Areas for improvement include technological maturity, more robust validation of translational and predictive in vivo-like biology, and requirements of tighter quality standards for commercial viability. In this review, we reported on the consensus around existing challenges and necessary performance benchmarks that are required toward the broader adoption of OOACs in the next five years, and we defined a potential roadmap for future translational development of OOAC technology. We provided a clear snapshot of the current developmental stage of OOAC commercialization, including existing platforms, ancillary technologies, and tools required for the use of OOAC devices, and analyze their technology readiness levels. Using data gathered from OOAC developers and end-users, we identified prevalent challenges faced by the community, strategic trends and requirements driving OOAC technology development, and existing technological bottlenecks that could be outsourced or leveraged by active collaborations with academia.

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