Binding of murine monoclonal antibody PMN7C3 to human neutrophils results in a large rapid, dose dependent transient increase in intracellular free calcium as measured by QUIN-2 fluorescence. Unlike other calcium mobilizing agents PMN7C3 does not induce any increase in respiratory burst activity over basal level. The PMN7C3 effect requires multivalent binding. Chelation of extracellular calcium does not significantly decrease the fluorescence transient generated by exposure to PMN7C3. Lowering of basal levels of intracellular free calcium concentration by maintaining QUIN-2-loaded PMN in calcium free medium eliminates the fluorescence transient. The observations demonstrate that a cell surface receptor mediated intracellular free calcium transient may be generated without any associated respiratory burst activation.