ObjectivesNeonatal diabetes mellitus (NDM) is a rare monogenic diabetes form, occurring mainly from ATP-binding cassette subfamily C member 8 (ABCC8) and KCNJ11 mutations. ABCC8 mutations have also been found to cause adult-onset diabetes. What is new?: •Novel ABCC8 mutation in an NDM case •Heterogeneous clinical presentation of diabetes and response to sulfonylurea therapy among family members with the same ABCC8 mutation.Case presentationWe report the case of a newborn with NDM and a heterozygous ABCC8 novel variant (c.3835G>A), successfully treated with sulfonylurea. The same ABCC8 variant was found in two other family members, already treated for type 2 diabetes.ConclusionsThis case demonstrates the variable phenotypic presentation of diabetes due to a novel ABCC8 mutation (c.3835G>A), ranging from transient NDM to adult-onset, insulin-demanding diabetes, among family members. Genetic testing in young individuals with a strong family history of diabetes, presenting with non-autoimmune diabetes is recommended as it can determine prognosis and treatment of affected family members.