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Transferências de renda e políticas ativas para o mercado de trabalho : do merecimento por destituição a destituição de direitos

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Repositório Institucional da Universidade de Brasília
Keywords
  • Programa Bolsa Família
  • Seguro-Desemprego
  • Previdência Social Rural
  • Política Social
  • Mercado De Trabalho
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Abstract

This study aims to demonstrate, from the comparative analysis of threeBrazilian income transfer programs - Family Allowance, Unemployment Insuranceand Rural Social Insurance -, the variation of their respective legitimacy in thepublic opinion depending on their major or minor connections with the merit(associated to the wage, paid or self profitable work) or right (associated withsocial assistance). By privileging personal and competitive merit, contemporarysocial policy, governed by neoliberal ideology, has advocated self-provision ofindividuals; thus, social rights it could put in practice have been rejected asincompatible with the capitalist ethic of work and do not contribute with thestrengthening of the logic of private economic profitability.Consequently, the current dominant tendency within the capitalist socialprotection systems is the activation of social assistance applicants for the jobmarket. The result was that this policy ceased to function as a safety mattressagainst absolute poverty, to become a springboard in order to launch the poorpeople in labor market.Thus, in a society marked by structural unemployment and flexible labormarket, there has been a reissue of social protection strategies that go back theold English Poor Laws, which stigmatize the indigent and punish the poor able towork, but without basic credentials to the labor market. Thus, the social programsrelated to social assistance, as Family Allowance, lose legitimacy in relation to theUnemployment Insurance and Rural Social Insurance (work-related), despite thethree of them having a common denominator: they are targeted and conditional;intended to relieve the misfortunes arising from poverty; and have the reproductionof wage job as horizon.

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