We constructed a collection of linker insertion mutants in the simian virus 40 (SV40) genome and studied several of these with changes limited to a part of the large T antigen gene corresponding to an amino acid sequence shared with other ATPases. Two of these mutants were found to have a novel phenotype in that they could not be complemented for plaque formation by a late-region deletion mutant. These two mutants, in contrast to other mutants in this region, were able to transform rat cells in culture at a frequency close to that of the wild-type gene. The noncomplementing mutants were found to be potent inhibitors of SV40 DNA replication despite the presence of wild-type T antigen in the transfected cells. This inhibition was shown to be the result of the introduced mutations in the large T antigen gene. We conclude that the large T antigens of the noncomplementing mutants can act as inhibitors of SV40 DNA replication.