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Tramadol abuse among workers in an industrial city in mid-Nile Delta region, Egypt.

Authors
  • Abd-Elkader, Mahmoud Rabee1
  • Kabbash, Ibrahim Ali2
  • El-Sallamy, Rania M3
  • El-Sawy, Hossam4
  • Gad, El-Sayyed Abdel-Hameed4
  • 1 Ministry of Health and Population, Cairo, Egypt. , (Egypt)
  • 2 Public Health and Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine Tanta University, Tanta, Egypt. [email protected] , (Egypt)
  • 3 Occupational Medicine at Public Health and Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine Tanta University, Tanta, Egypt. , (Egypt)
  • 4 Department of Neuro Psychiatry - Faculty of Medicine, Tanta University, Tanta, Egypt. , (Egypt)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Environmental Science and Pollution Research
Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Publication Date
Oct 01, 2020
Volume
27
Issue
30
Pages
37549–37556
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1007/s11356-020-08040-8
PMID: 32124298
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

Tramadol abuse is an increasingly alarming phenomenon among Egyptian Community especially among workers and drivers. Study profile and factors affecting tramadol abuse among industrial workers in Mid-Nile Delta Region. A cross sectional study among minibus drivers, construction and textile industries workers. From each target group 300 males were chosen randomly. The total sample size was 900 persons. Interview questionnaire was used for data collection. Diagnosis of tramadol abuse was according DSM-5 Criteria. Intake of tramadol was high among construction workers (92.3%) followed by bus drivers (53.0%) and lastly textile workers (25.3%). The main source of tramadol was friends (45.4%) followed by drug dealers (16.6%). The main reason of abuse was to improve mood (54.3%) followed by relief of pain and help to continue work (37.3%). Tramadol is prevalent among industrial workers due to different reasons related to the work load and stressful events. Ever intake of tramadol was high among construction workers followed by bus drivers and lastly textile workers. Drug testing for workers in workplace is a must to ensure community safety.

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