Training and development of family planning manpower have remained priority concerns in the Africa region since its inception in 1971. This article focuses on the training activities of the family planning associations (FPA) in various countries throughout Africa, including Tanzania, Benin, Senegal, Ethiopia, Ghana, and Kenya. The role of the FPAs in training government health and paramedical personnel is discussed. The major training areas presented include service delivery and contraceptive technology; family planning advocacy and information, education and communication; family planning program management and family life education. The role of the Center for African Family Studies (CAFS) in Nairobi, which provides training at the regional level, is also discussed. The importance of maintaining training and manpower development as a top priority in the Africa region is stressed.