Recommended first aid approaches on burn injuries and wounds are highly effective to reduce complications and improve positive patient outcomes. However, traditional practices can be harmful for wound healing and increase infection risks. Therefore, the present study is aimed at determining Turkish people's traditional and modern first aid practices in burn injuries and wound. This population-based descriptive study included 544 participants. Data was collected via questionnaire form. In this study, the most frequent cases that received first aid were cut wounds (56%) and burn injuries (22%). Most of participants (71.7% for burn injuries, 93.9% for open wound, 53% for closed wound) used modern first aid practices. However, some participants believed in the efficiency of traditional remedies in burn injuries and wounds and learned from family elders. In addition, it was found that educational status influenced belief in the effectiveness of traditional practices and that the conditions receiving first aid varied according to age and gender (p < 0.05). We believe that more individuals (especially, older and female participants) should be contacted in order to provide first aid training and disseminate recommended practices on first aid. Further comprehensive studies are indicated to improve the quality of healthcare and to determine the needs and reasons to Turkish peoples choose of traditional practices. Copyright © 2020. Published by Elsevier Ltd.