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Trace-level determination of pyrethroid, neonicotinoid and carboxamide pesticides in beeswax using dispersive solid-phase extraction followed by ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry

Authors
  • Jabot, Claire
  • Fieu, Maeva
  • Giroud, Barbara
  • Buleté, Audrey
  • Casabianca, Hervé
  • Vulliet, Emmanuelle
Publication Date
Feb 01, 2015
Source
HAL-UPMC
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown
External links

Abstract

The aim of the work was to develop an analytical procedure able to quantify traces of 13 neonicotinoids and pyrethroids as well as carboxamide in beeswax at low levels (ng g(-1)) to evaluate the contamination. For this purpose, an efficient sample preparation procedure was developed based on solid-liquid extraction using dispersive diatomaceous earth and acetonitrile. This step was followed by a selective and sensitive analysis based on ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography coupled to tandem mass spectrometry (ESI-MS/MS). This analytical procedure was validated based on International Conference on Harmonization guidelines. The limits of quantification ranged from 1ngg(-1) (thiamethoxam, clothianidin, imidacloprid, acetamiprid, thiacloprid and boscalid) to 40ngg(-1) (lambda-cyhalothrin). The method was then successfully applied to 60 samples of beeswax collected in several areas of France. The presence of thiacloprid, boscalid, imidacloprid and deltamethrin in beeswax was confirmed. The most frequently quantified pesticide was boscalid.

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