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Toxocara related peritonitis: A case report and review of literature.

Authors
  • Arslan, Ferhat1
  • Baysal, Naciye Betul2
  • Aslan, Ahmet3
  • Simsek, Bengu Cobanoglu4
  • Vahaboglu, Haluk2
  • 1 Department of Infectious Diseases, Göztepe Training and Research Hospital, Istanbul Medeniyet University, Dumlupınar Mahallesi, D100 No:98, 34000 Kadıköy/İstanbul, Turkey. Electronic address: [email protected] , (Turkey)
  • 2 Department of Infectious Diseases, Göztepe Training and Research Hospital, Istanbul Medeniyet University, Dumlupınar Mahallesi, D100 No:98, 34000 Kadıköy/İstanbul, Turkey. , (Turkey)
  • 3 Department of Radiology, Göztepe Training and Research Hospital, Istanbul Medeniyet University, Dumlupınar Mahallesi, D100 No:98, 34000 Kadıköy/İstanbul, Turkey. , (Turkey)
  • 4 Department of Pathology, Göztepe Training and Research Hospital, Istanbul Medeniyet University, Dumlupınar Mahallesi, D100 No:98, 34000 Kadıköy/İstanbul, Turkey. , (Turkey)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Parasitology international
Publication Date
Dec 01, 2019
Volume
73
Pages
101950–101950
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.parint.2019.101950
PMID: 31279784
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

Toxocariasis is a clinical syndrome caused by the larvae of two ascarid nematodes, namely, Toxocara canis and T. cati that live in dogs and cats as definitive hosts. Humans acquire Toxocara infection by accidental consumption of eggs contaminated foods, soil, water or larvae encapsulated in the viscera or meats of various paratenic hosts e.g., chicken. After oral ingestion, the ova hatch and the free larvae penetrate the intestinal wall to migrate to distant tissues throughout the body. Larvae may also infiltrate the intestinal wall and cause enteritis and mass occupying lesions. Here, we present a T. canis related gastroenteritis and peritonitis case successfully treated with albendazole. We reviewed the literature and found seven previously published Toxocara related peritonitis cases. To our knowledge, this is the first review about non-disseminated toxocariasis that restricted to the intestine and presented as eosinophilic ascites due to peritoneal inflammation. The most common abdominal symptoms were abdominal pain and nausea, and the most common findings were eosinophilic infiltrations on endoscopic biopsy specimens and eosinophilia in the peripheric blood samples. Copyright © 2019. Published by Elsevier B.V.

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