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Towards Mindless Stress Regulation in Advanced Driver Assistance Systems: A Systematic Review

  • Béquet, Adolphe J.1
  • Hidalgo-Muñoz, Antonio R.2
  • Jallais, Christophe1
  • 1 TS2-LESCOT, Univ Gustave Eiffel, IFSTTAR, Univ Lyon, Lyon , (France)
  • 2 CLLE, UMR 5263, CNRS, University of Toulouse Jean-Jaurès, Toulouse , (France)
Published Article
Frontiers in Psychology
Frontiers Media SA
Publication Date
Dec 23, 2020
DOI: 10.3389/fpsyg.2020.609124
  • Psychology
  • Systematic Review


Background: Stress can frequently occur in the driving context. Its cognitive effects can be deleterious and lead to uncomfortable or risky situations. While stress detection in this context is well developed, regulation using dedicated advanced driver-assistance systems (ADAS) is still emergent. Objectives: This systematic review focuses on stress regulation strategies that can be qualified as “subtle” or “mindless”: the technology employed to perform regulation does not interfere with an ongoing task. The review goal is 2-fold: establishing the state of the art on such technological implementation in the driving context and identifying complementary technologies relying on subtle regulation that could be applied in driving. Methods: A systematic review was conducted using search operators previously identified through a concept analysis. The patents and scientific studies selected provide an overview of actual and potential mindless technology implementations. These are then analyzed from a scientific perspective. A classification of results was performed according to the different stages of emotion regulation proposed by the Gross model. Results: A total of 47 publications were retrieved, including 21 patents and 26 studies. Six of the studies investigated mindless stress regulation in the driving context. Patents implemented strategies mostly linked to attentional deployment, while studies tended to investigate response modulation strategies. Conclusions: This review allowed us to identify several ADAS relying on mindless computing technologies to reduce stress and better understand the underlying mechanisms allowing stress reduction. Further studies are necessary to better grasp the effect of mindless technologies on driving safety. However, we have established the feasibility of their implementation as ADAS and proposed directions for future research in this field.

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