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Total synthesis and antibacterial testing of the A54556 cyclic acyldepsipeptides isolated from Streptomyces hawaiiensis.

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of Natural Products
1520-6025
Publisher
American Chemical Society
Publication Date
Volume
77
Issue
10
Pages
2170–2181
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1021/np500158q
PMID: 25255326
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

The first total synthesis of all six known A54556 acyldepsipeptide (ADEP) antibiotics from Streptomyces hawaiiensis is reported. This family of compounds has a unique mechanism of antibacterial action, acting as activators of caseinolytic protease (ClpP). Assembly of the 16-membered depsipeptide core was accomplished via a pentafluorophenyl ester-based macrolactamization strategy. Late stage amine deprotection was carried out under neutral conditions by employing a mild hydrogenolysis strategy, which avoids the formation of undesired ring-opened depsipeptide side products encountered during deprotection of acid-labile protecting groups. The free amines were found to be significantly more reactive toward late stage amide bond formation as compared to the corresponding ammonium salts, giving final products in excellent yields. A thorough NMR spectroscopic analysis of these compounds was carried out to formally assign the structures and to aid with the spectroscopic assignment of ADEP analogues. The identity of two of the structures was confirmed by comparison with biologically produced samples from S. hawaiiensis. An X-ray crystallographic analysis of an ADEP analogue reveals a conformation similar to that found in cocrystal structures of ADEPs with ClpP protease. The degree of antibacterial activity of the different compounds was evaluated in vitro using MIC assays employing both Gram-positive and Gram-negative strains and a fluorescence-based biochemical assay.

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