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Total brain death: a reply to Alan Shewmon.

Authors
  • Lee, Patrick
  • GriseZ, Germain
Type
Published Article
Journal
Bioethics
Publication Date
Jun 01, 2012
Volume
26
Issue
5
Pages
275–284
Identifiers
PMID: 22724128
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

D. Alan Shewmon has advanced a well-documented challenge to the widely accepted total brain death criterion for death of the human being. We show that Shewmon’s argument against this criterion is unsound, though he does refute the standard argument for that criterion. We advance a distinct argument for the total brain death criterion and answer likely objections. Since human beings are rational animals--sentient organisms of a specific type--the loss of the radical capacity for sentience (the capacity to sense or to develop the capacity to sense) involves a substantial change, the passing away of the human organism. In human beings total brain death involves the complete loss of the radical capacity for sentience, and so in human beings total brain death is death.

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