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Titer regulation in arthropod-Wolbachia symbioses.

Authors
  • López-Madrigal, Sergio1
  • Duarte, Elves H1, 2
  • 1 Instituto Gulbenkian de Ciência. Rua da Quinta Grande, 6. 2780-156 Oeiras, Portugal. , (Portugal)
  • 2 Universidade de Cabo Verde. Palmarejo, CP 279 - Praia, Cabo Verde.
Type
Published Article
Journal
FEMS Microbiology Letters
Publisher
Oxford University Press
Publication Date
Nov 21, 2019
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1093/femsle/fnz232
PMID: 31750894
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

Symbiosis between intracellular bacteria (endosymbionts) and animals are widespread. The alphaproteobacterium Wolbachia pipientis is known to maintain a variety of symbiotic associations, ranging from mutualism to parasitism, with a wide range of invertebrates. Wolbachia infection might deeply affect host fitness (e.g. reproductive manipulation, antiviral protection), which is thought to explain its high prevalence in nature. Bacterial loads significantly influence both the infection dynamics and the extent of bacteria-induced host phenotypes. Hence, fine regulation of bacterial titers is considered as a milestone in host-endosymbiont interplay. Here we review both environmental and biological factors modulating Wolbachia titers in arthropods. © FEMS 2019.

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