Titanium dioxide nanorods (TNR) were grown on a titanium electrode by a hydrothermal route and further employed as a supporting matrix for the immobilization of nafion-coated horseradish peroxidase (HRP). The strong electrostatic interaction between HRP and TNR favors the adsorption of HRP and facilitates direct electron transfer on the electrode. The electrocatalytic activity towards hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) was investigated via cyclic voltammetry and amperometry. The biosensor exhibits fast response, a high sensitivity (416.9 μA·mM−1), a wide linear response range (2.5 nM to 0.46 mM), a detection limit as low as 12 nM, and a small apparent Michaelis-Menten constant (33.6 μM). The results indicate that this method is a promising technique for enzyme immobilization and for the fabrication of electrochemical biosensors. FigureA TiO2 nanorod film was directly grown on Ti substrate by a hydrothermal route, and was further employed for a supporting matrix to immobilize horseradish peroxidase as a biosensor electrode. The as-prepared hydrogen peroxide biosensor based on Nafion/HRP/TNR/Ti electrode exhibited fast response and excellent electrocatalytic activity toward H2O2, i.e., a high sensitivity (416.9 μA mM−1), a wide linear range (2.5 × 10−8 to 4.6 × 10−4 M) with a low detection limit (0.012 μM) and a small apparent Michaelis-Menten constant (33.6 μM).