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Time perspective and self-stigma in schizophrenia.

Authors
  • Styła, Rafał1
  • Świtaj, Piotr2
  • 1 Faculty of Psychology, University of Warsaw, Warsaw, Poland. , (Poland)
  • 2 First Department of Psychiatry, Institute of Psychiatry and Neurology, Warsaw, Poland. , (Poland)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of mental health (Abingdon, England)
Publication Date
Feb 01, 2024
Volume
33
Issue
1
Pages
48–56
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1080/09638237.2023.2182413
PMID: 36883339
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

Time perspective (TP) offers a new understanding of human personality, postulating that there are individual differences in how our mind assigns our experiences to different time categories. This concept may shed new light on the role of personality traits in shaping vulnerability to the internalized stigma. In this paper we propose a novel approach to clarifying the underpinning of self-stigma by empirically exploring its links with TP. We conducted a cross-sectional study among 86 patients with ICD-10 diagnoses of paranoid schizophrenia to validate the predictive role of TP for self-stigma. We used the Zimbardo Time Perspective Inventory (ZTPI), Internalized Stigma of Mental Illness scale (ISMI) and Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale (BPRS). We found significant positive correlations of self-stigma with Past-Negative, Future-Negative and Present-Fatalistic TP categories and negative correlation with the Future-Positive category. The hierarchical regression analyses revealed that two TP categories and Deviation from the Balanced Time Perspective (DBTP) are significant predictors of self-stigma over and above sociodemographic and clinical control variables. Conclusion. The results of the study confirm the hypothesis that TP opens new possibilities to understand proneness or resistance to self-stigmatization, and this may provide a basis for novel approaches to anti-self-stigma interventions.

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