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Time perspective and alcohol-use indicators in France and the United Kingdom: results across adolescents, university students, and treatment outpatients

Authors
  • Tianna T. Loose
  • Didier Acier
  • James R. Andretta
  • Jon C. Cole
  • Michael Thomas McKay
  • Vincent Wagner
  • Frank C. Worrell
Type
Published Article
Journal
Addiction Research & Theory
Publisher
Informa UK (Taylor & Francis)
Publication Date
Jun 26, 2017
Pages
1–8
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1080/16066359.2017.1334202
Source
MyScienceWork
Keywords
License
Unknown

Abstract

While some research has reported a significant relationship between time perspective and alcohol use, that research has differed considerably in terms of how both variables are operationalized. The present study aimed to investigate this relationship by operationalizing time perspective in three ways, using raw scale scores, using temporal clusters, and using the Deviation from a Balanced Time Perspective approach. Additionally, age-appropriate measures of alcohol-related behavior were used, and alcohol scale scores were assessed as both an ordinal and a categorical measure. Data gathered in adolescents and university students in the United Kingdom were re-analyzed, and new data from a French university sample and a French Treatment Outpatient sample were analyzed. Overall, results using the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test revealed a very modest relationship between scores on this measure and the various time perspective approaches. Results using the Adolescent Alcohol Involvement Scale suggested a stronger relationship between scores on this measure and the time perspective approaches. The results are discussed in the context of the extant literature, and methodological concerns specific to the use of the Zimbardo Time Perspective Inventory are discussed.

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