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Time of concentration based infiltration under different soil density, water content, and slope during a steady rainfall

Authors
  • Harisuseno, Donny
  • Khaeruddin, Dian Noorvy
  • Haribowo, Riyanto
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of Water and Land Development
Publisher
Walter de Gruyter GmbH
Publication Date
May 22, 2019
Volume
41
Issue
1
Pages
61–68
Identifiers
DOI: 10.2478/jwld-2019-0028
Source
De Gruyter
Keywords
License
Green

Abstract

Time of concentration, Tc, is defined as time elapsed from the beginning of rainfall infiltrated into soil layer until it reaches a constant infiltration rate (fc) which is indicated an equilibrium subsurface flow rate. In hydrological view, time of concentration plays a significant role in elaboration of transformation of rainfall into runoff in a watershed. The aims of this research are to define influence of soil density and soil water content in determining time of concentration using infiltration concept based on water balance theory, and to find out the effect of land slope this time. Watershed laboratory experiment using rainfall simulator was employed to examine time of concentration associated with infiltration process under different slope, soil density and soil water content based on water balance concept. The steady rainfall intensity was simulated using sprinklers which produced 2 dm3∙min−1. Rainfall, runoff and infiltration analysis were carried out at laboratory experiment on soil media with varied of soil density (d) and soil water content (w), where variation of land slopes (s) were designed in three land slopes 2, 3 and 4%. The results show that relationship between soil density and land slope to time of concentration showed a quadratic positive relationship where the higher the soil density address to the longer time of concentration. Moreover, time of concentration had an inverse relationship with soil water content and land slope that means time of concentration decreased when the soil water content increased.

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